It is used as the IAF's prime air defence aircraft. It has an extremely potent airborne-interception radar and air-to-air missile combination. It gives the IAF a beyond-visual-range (BVR) reach with its advanced medium range air-to-air missiles.
Country of origin: USSR.
Year of induction in IAF: 1987
Type: Air superiority fighter.
Powerplant: Two Tumansky RD -33 turbofans of 8300 kg reheat thrust each.
Armament: One 30 mm cannon plus four R.60 close combat and four R.27R medium range radar guided missiles.
Maximum take off weight: 18,000 kg.
Maximum speed: 2445 kmph (1518 mph) at 11,000 m (36,100 ft) or Mach = 2.3.
Initial climb rate: 330 m/sec.
Maximum range: 2100 km.
Service ceiling: 17,000 m (55,775 ft).